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Thread: Guru Nanak Dev Ji
02-06-2009, 05:22 AM #1
Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Guru Nanak Dev was born on 13 November 1469 into a Hindu Khatri family of the Bedi caste, in the village of Rai Bhoi Ki Talwandi, now called Nankana Sahib, near Lahore, Pakistan. Today, his birthplace is marked by Gurdwara Janam Asthan.
His father, Mehta Kalyan Das, popularly known as Mehta Kalu , was the patwari "accountant" of crop revenue for the village of Talwandi under the Muslim landlord of the village, Rai Bular, who was responsible for collecting taxes. Guru Nanak's mother was Tripta Devi and he had one elder sister, Nanaki.
Gurdwara Nankana Sahib
The earliest biographical sources on the life of Guru Nanak recognized today are the Janamsākhīs' "life-accounts" and the vārs "expounding verses" of the scribe Bhai Gurdas.
The most popular Janamsākhī are said to have been written by a close companion of the Guru' Bhai Bala' before Nanak died. However, the writing style and language employed have left scholars such as Max Arthur Macauliffe certain that they were composed after his death.
Bhai Gurdas, purported scribe of the Gurū Granth, also wrote about Nanak's life in his vārs. Although these too were compiled some time after Guru Nanak's death, and are also less detailed than the Janamsākhīs, modern Sikh ideologues tend to hold them in higher regard.
At the age of five years Nanak is said to have voiced interest in divine subjects. At age seven, his father, Mehta Kalu, enrolled him at the village school as per the norm. Notable lore recounts that as a child Nanak astonished his teacher by describing the implicit symbolism of the first letter of the alphabet, which is an almost straight stroke in Persian or Arabic, resembling the mathematical version of one, as denoting the unity or oneness of God. Other childhood accounts refer to strange and miraculous events about Nanak such as a poisonous cobra being seen to shield the sleeping child's head from the harsh sunlight.
Last edited by dR Singh; 02-06-2009 at 05:25 AM.
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