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    Default Libya || Protesters || @desirulez

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    DEAR MEMBERS
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    RECENT DEVELOPMENTS AND ISSUES
    REGARDING LIBYA...

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    Libya (Arabic: ‏ليبيا‎‎ Lībiyā) is a country located in the Maghreb region of northern Africa. Bordering the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Libya lies between Egypt to the east, Sudan to the south east, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.



    With an area of almost 1,800,000 square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa by area, and the 17th largest in the world.[4] The capital, Tripoli, is home to 1.7 million of Libya's 6.4 million people. The three traditional parts of the country are Tripolitania, Fezzan, and Cyrenaica. Libya has the highest HDI in Africa and the fourth highest GDP (PPP) per capita in Africa as of 2009, behind Seychelles, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon. These are largely due to its large petroleum reserves and low population.[5][6] Libya is one of the 10 richest oil producing countries.
    Independent since 1951, Libya has been ruled from 1969 to the present by Muammar al-Gaddafi, who rose to power in a military coup. Al-Gaddafi is currently facing the greatest challenge to his rule, with a popular uprising taking place that began in the country in mid-February 2011, following the Tunisia Effect.


    Last edited by Caasanova; 02-22-2011 at 09:10 AM.
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  2. #2
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    Default Protesters take control of cities



    Libya's anti-government protesters took control of several cities in the north African country and reached capital Tripoli for the first time amid reports that its leader Muammar Gaddafi has fled the country.

    A growing number of four-decade-old Gaddafi regime figures have defected, as the government crackdown on the protesters intensified with state TV reporting that Libyan security forces launching operation against what it called"dens of terrorists." There were also reports that some miltiary aircraft fired at the protesters in Tripoli from the air. All landless and wireless communications in the oil-rich north African country were also reported to have been cut.

    According to Human Rights Watch, at least 223 people have been killed in five days of violence but some other international rights groups said there could be up to 400 dead in the unrest. As calls from around the world grew loud for restraint, 68-year-old Gaddafi's son pledged to fight the revolt to the "last man standing", warning protesters that Libya was neither Tunisia nor Egypt
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  3. #3
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    Default Libya: Protesters demand for Gaddafi's ouster

    Libyan protesters celebrated in the streets of Benghazi on Monday, claiming control of the country's second largest city after bloody fighting, and anti-government unrest spread to the capital with clashes in Tripoli's main square for the first time. Moammar Gadhafi's son vowed that his father and security forces would fight "until the last bullet."
    Protesters demanding Gadhafi's ouster planed new marches in the capital's main Green Square and at the leader's residence for Monday evening. That was likely to bring a new round of violence after a similar march the night before prompted clashes that lasted till dawn, with witnesses reporting snipers opening fire on protesters and Gadhafi supporters racing through crowds in trucks and cars, firing automatic weapons and running people over.
    During Monday, a fire was raging at the People's Hall, the main hall for government gatherings where the country's equivalent of a parliament holds its sessions several times a year, the pro-government news web site Qureyna said. It also reported the first major sign of discontent in Gadhafi's government, saying justice minister Mustafa Abdel-Jalil resigned from his post to protest the "excessive use of force against unarmed protesters."

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    Default Libyan envoy to India resigns amid protests

    Libyan Ambassador to India Ali al-Essawi has reportedly resigned in protest against his government's violent crackdown on demonstrators.


    Hours after BBC reported that Libyan envoy to India has resigned, Foreign Secretary Nirupama Rao refused to confirm the same and said, "As far as I am aware, he has not got in touch with us on any issue concerning his stay in New Delhi . I have seen the reports relating to his resignation."

    She also expressed "deep concern" over the situation in Libya, saying government was monitoring the situation in the country but has not taken any decision on whether to evacuate the Indians living there.

    "We are concerned about the developments in Libya. The situation in Benghazi is of particular concern to us because we have a number of Indian citizens there. Our embassy in Tripoli is in touch with these people. We have been monitoring the situation," she said.

    Nearly 200 people have been killed in brutal crackdown against protesters demanding an end to Muammar Gadhafi's 41-year rule.

    "We have not taken any decision on evacuation yet. But we will obviously monitor the situation and take whatever steps necessary to deal with it," the foreign secretary said.
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    Default Gaddafi vows to fight, die as martyr

    Moammar Gaddafi vowed to die in Libya as a martyr in an angry television address on Tuesday, as rebel troops said eastern regions had broken free from his rule in a burgeoning revolt.
    "I am not going to leave this land, I will die here as a martyr," Gaddafi said on state television, refusing to bow to calls from his own diplomats, soldiers and protesters clamouring in the streets for an end to his four decades at the helm.
    "I shall remain here defiant," said Gaddafi.



    Earlier, witnesses streaming across the Libyan border into Egypt said Gaddafi was using tanks, warplanes and mercenaries in an effort to stamp out the growing rebellion.
    In the eastern city of Tobruk, a Reuters correspondent there said sporadic blasts could be heard, the latest sign that Gaddafi's grip on the oil and gas exporting nation was weakening.
    "All the eastern regions are out of Gaddafi's control now... The people and the army are hand-in-hand here," said the now former army major Hany Saad Marjaa.
    The White House offered its condolences for the "appalling violence" in Libya and said the international community had to speak with one voice on the crisis.
    The UN refugee agency meanwhile urged Libya's neighbours to grant refuge to those fleeing the unrest, which was triggered by decades of repression and popular revolts that toppled leaders in Tunisia and Egypt.
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    Default Gaddafi: Libya's flamboyant, Bedouin dictator












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    Default UNSC deplores violence to tackle Libyan protestors

    The United Nations Security Council has strongly condemned the use of force against peaceful demonstrators in Libya and expressed deep regret at the deaths of hundreds of civilians.



    Demanding an immediate end to violence in the north African country, the 15-nation council, including India [ Images ] in a statement called for "steps to address the legitimate demands of the population, including through national dialogue."


    The Security Council "condemned the violence and use of force against civilians, deplored the repression against peaceful demonstrators, and expressed deep regret at the deaths of hundreds of civilians."


    The council "strongly urged the Libyan authorities to ensure the safe passage of humanitarian and medical supplies and humanitarian workers into the country," according to the statement.


    The statement was issued after a closed-door meeting, which was briefed by B Lynn Pascoe, UN under-secretary general for political affairs, and Libya's envoy to the UN Mohammed Shalgam.
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    Default Libyan interior minister joins rebellion: Al-Jazeera

    Libyan Interior Minister Abdel Fatah Yunes has said on Wednesday that he was resigning and called on the armed forces to back the week-long rebellion against veteran leader Moamer Gaddafi. 'I announce my resignation from all my duties in response to the revolution of February 17,' Yunes said on Al-Jazeera
    television in a reference to violence that broke out last week against the four-decade rule of Gaddafi.
    Dressed in military uniform and seated at a desk, he affirmed his 'total belief with regards to the sincerity of
    the (Libyan people's) demands.'
    'I call on all the armed forces to respond also to the demands of the people,' he added.
    Numerous high level Libyan officials, including ministers, diplomats and military officers, have abandoned the
    regime and announced their support for the rebellion.
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    Default Gaddafi s son warns of conspiracy as protests continue.

    The son of Libyan leader Moamer Gaddafi warned against conspiracies targeting his country, as anti-government protests spread to the capital, Tripoli.

    Speaking on Libyan TV late Sunday, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, warned of conspiracies that might take the country into civil war, and accused the opposition of trying to break up the country.

    Emboldened by the successful revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt, thousands of Libyans have been calling for the ouster of Gaddafi, who has been in power for 41 years.

    'Libya is not Tunisia or Egypt,' Saif al-Islam said, warning protests could break apart the country and lead to chaos.

    Clashes had reportedly erupted in the capital Tripoli late Sunday between anti-government protesters and Gaddafi supporters, witnesses said after the capital was dominated by pro-Gaddafi marches over the past days. Earlier anti-government protests were centred in the second largest city of Benghazi.
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  10. #10
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    Default Obama calls for international response on Libya

    US President Barack Obama on Wednesday said that the United States strongly condemns the use of violence on protesters in Libya and said a unified international response was forming.
    "The suffering and bloodshed is outrageous and it is unacceptable," Obama said in his strongest and most direct statements to date on the unrest in Libya. "So are threats and orders to shoot peaceful protesters and further punish the people of Libya. These actions violate international norms and every standard of common decency. This violence must stop."
    Flanked by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Obama said Libya's government "must be held accountable" for its failure to meet its responsibilities and he emphasized a growing international chorus of condemnation against the situation.

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  11. #11
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    Default Bullets and bloodshed in Tripoli

    Moammar Gaddafi pledged to crush dissent in his country; and ruthless he was as the Libyan leader's mercenaries walked through the streets of Tripoli gunning down every voice they heard against their boss.

    Global condemnation? Bah Gaddafi doesn't care -- he is defiantly acting tough to save his 41-year rule.

    While official figures put the toll at 300, a lot more blood has been shed in Tripoli.

    Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini, quoting 'credible sources, claimed that the crackdown has killed as many as 1,000 people.
















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  12. #12
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    Default India hurries to bring 18,000 citizens home

    The central government on Thursday decided to immediately commence evacuation of Indians from Libya by sea and air in view of the "sharp and unprecedented deterioration" in the situation in the African nation which is witnessing anti-government protests that have claimed hundreds of lives so far.



    "Evacuation is being arranged by sea and air. Government has chartered a passenger ferry with capacity to seat 1200 persons for this purpose. The ship, Scotia Prince, is already in Egypt and readying for sail to Benghazi which will be the initial focus of the evacuation operations," the Ministry of External Affairs said in a statement.



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    Default Navy to despatch 3 warships to Libya

    The Indian Navy has decided to despatch three naval warships including its largest amphibious vessel INS Jalashwa to evacuate its citizens stranded in trouble-torn Libya.


    "We have sent a proposal to the Defence Ministry to send three warships including two destroyers and the INS Jalashwa to Libya to bring back around 18,000 Indians stuck there," Navy sources said.

    "The final decision on sending the warships on the 7,000 miles voyage to Tripoli would be taken at the highest-level by the Defence Ministry in consultation with the External Affairs Ministry (EAM)," they added.

    If the ships are ordered to move towards Libya, it will take them at least 10 days to reach their destination. The Defence Ministry had yesterday recieved a request from the EAM to see if it could help in bringing back Indian citizens from there.

    Officials said there were a number of issues including facilitating the entry of Indian vessels into Libyan harbour were also being considered by the government.
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    Default Hectic activity in MEA's 24/7 Libya situation room

    The Ministry of External Affairs is working overtime at a 24/7 situation room to take a flurry of calls and emails from concerned relatives of stranded Indians in Libya.



    Under Secretary (Bhutan) in the MEA, Priyanka Chauhan, who is the shift in charge of the situation room, said: "We are ensuring that families are not left in a situation where they are wondering what's happening to their loved ones."





    "We are providing facilitation and interface with our embassy there in Libya, which is already flooded with calls and many people in India with relatives in Libya may not be able to contact the embassy directly or their loved ones. We are providing a place where they can call up, they can speak to us. We take down the details of their relatives and pass them on to the embassy," she added.

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    Default Switzerland freezes Gaddafi's assets



    The Swiss government has frozen all assets of a bellicose Muammar Gaddafi and his associates with immediate effect to prevent misappropriation while the autocratic regime is still in office in Libya.

    A government order issued on Thursday evening blocked the assets of Gaddafi and 28 other members of his clan, including his wife Safia al-Barrasi, his sons and his only daughter Aisha as well as several relatives and leaders.

    "In view of the developments, the Federal Council has decided to block with immediate effect any possible assets of Muammer Gaddafi and his entourage in Switzerland [," the Swiss foreign ministry said in a statement.
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    Default US imposes sanctions on Libya; closes embassy at Tripoli



    Going ahead with unilateral sanctions against the Muammar Gaddafi regime, the US suspended its military ties with Libya and temporarily closed down its embassy in Tripoli. Toughening its stand against the authoritarian Libyan government, White House Press Secretary, Jay Carney, said more measures against Libya are in the pipeline and would be announced in due course of time.

    The US is also in talks with its international partners with regard to collective action against the Libyan regime including those at the United Nations. "There has never been a time when this much has been done quickly," Carney said, adding that the US which has very limited military relationship with Libya and also very limited military sales with them, both of which have been suspended.

    "Col Gaddafi has lost the confidence of his people. His legitimacy has been reduced to zero in the eyes of his people," Carney said but was quick to add that it is a matter for the people of Libya to decide on the leadership of the country. The status quo is not acceptable," Carney said.
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    Default Gaddafi vows to fight as oppn closes in

    Muammar Gaddafi vowed to "crush any enemy" on Friday, addressing supporters in central Tripoli as Libya's popular uprising closed in around him and Western powers set about punishing him for attacks on his own people.
    "We will fight if they want," the 68-year-old leader declared after a day of clashes in parts of the capital between security forces and crowds of protesters, which Gaddafi's opponents said had left some districts in their hands.
    With eastern Libya firmly under opposition control after a week of unrest, protesters held the centre of Zawiyah, west of the capital, a witness said, and laid makeshift defences to fend off government forces after successive fierce attacks.



    Gaddafi's son Saif al-Islam, talking to foreign journalists flown to Tripoli under escort, acknowledged his forces had "a problem" there and in the city of Misrata, 200 km (120 miles) east of Tripoli. But everywhere else was calm, he said, and talk of state brutality merely "lies" put about by hostile media.
    Residents of the capital took a different view. "There have been gunshots non-stop," one woman said, who spoke of a friend seeing people shot down by security forces in the Souk al-Jumaa neighbourhood. "She saw them shoot straight at the protesters."
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    Default India to evacuate nationals from Libya via air, sea, land

    With the situation in Libya expected to become more violent in the days to come, India Friday mapped out elaborate plans to evacuate most of its 18,000 nationals from the North African nation on a war footing by air, sea and land.

    Foreign Secretary Nirupama Rao held a meeting with senior officials to review the evolving situation in Libya that focused on the nitty-gritty of evacuating Indian nationals from the violence-torn country.

    A Boeing-747 with a capacity of 360 and an Airbus A-330 with a capacity of around 280-290 are likely to fly out from Mumbai and Delhi respectively in the small hours of Saturday for Tripoli, the Libyan capital. These will be the first of two such daily Air India flights that will operate till March 7, External Affairs Minister S.M. Krishna said.

    'They are expected to return to India late in the evening on Saturday,' the external affairs ministry said, adding that officials of the Indian embassy in Tripoli are in touch with Indian community associations and will be at the airport to facilitate their departure.

    The move to send the planes came after Libyan authorities gave clearance for the flights to land in Triploi.
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    Default Gaddafi's son offers talks with protesters

    A son of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi offered to withhold attacks on regime opponents Saturday and negotiate.

    In remarks delivered late Friday, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi also denied that mercenaries have taken part in attacking protesters after witnesses said mercenaries from Chad, Mali and other African countries have been involved in attacks on protesters who are calling for Muammar Gaddafi's ouster.

    'We are dealing with terrorists,' the son said. 'The army decided not to attack the terrorists and give them an opportunity for negotiation. We hope to do this in a peaceful way, and we will do so by tomorrow.'

    Saif al-Islam Gaddafi also vowed that the state would regain control over eastern cities. Witnesses said protesters are now in control of most of the eastern cities, including Benghazi, the second-largest city after the capital, Tripoli.
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    Default Libya crisis wreaks havoc on oil prices



    Oil prices hit two-and-a-half-year highs in Asian trade on Thursday as violence continued to wrack the Middle East and threatened to spread to other bigger oil producers in the region, but on Friday crude prices dipped a bit as fears over supply eased with oil cartel OPEC promising to boost output to make up for any production loss in revolt-hit Libya, analysts said.

    Continuing political turmoil in Libya and the Middle East has led to investor worries over global economic recovery in view of rising crude oil prices, sending stock markets on a steep slide.



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