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07-25-2010, 07:16 PM #1
Mallakhamb - Our Indian Traditional SportMallakhamb - Our Indian Traditional Sport
Mallakhamb is an Indian traditional sport where the gymnast performs different pose on the pole and feats while hanging from a vertical wooden pole or rope.
“Malla” refers to gymnast and “khamb” means pole.
This game is not as simple as it may seem. Exercising on the pole requires a gymnast to perform various tasks like twisting, turning and stretching apart from balancing on the pole.
The sport requires great amount of flexibility, nimbleness, alert muscles and mind, focus and great amount of concentration and discipline to learn.
The origin of Mallakhamb can be traced back to the 12th century, where it is mentioned in Manas-Olhas - a classic by Chalukya in 1135 A.D. It was revived late in the 19th century by Balambhatta Dada Deodhar, physical instructor to Bajirao Peshwa II. He took great efforts to popularize this sport.
Mallakhamb is also used as a form of exercise and as a form of strength training for the jobs requiring a high level of fitness. A recent study has also shown that Mallakhamb is the only sport that provides optimum exercise to the entire body in the least possible time.
Mallakhamb exercises make the body light and strong. These exercises are most beneficial for the stomach, back, arms and thighs, and have been found useful to achieve efficiency in a number of other games and sports like gymnastics and wrestling.
Types of Mallakhamb:
1. Pole or fixed Mallakhamb
In this case, a vertical pole is fixed to the ground and the gymnast performs poses on this pole. The pole stands 225 cm above ground level. It has a circumference of 55 cm at its lower end, 45 cm in the middle, and 30 cm at the upper end. The height of the neck is 20 cm, and its circumference is 15 cm, and radius of the upper knobe is 13 cm.
The pole is usually of the wood type sheeshum or teakwood for its toughness and smoothness.
2. Hanging Mallakhamb
This is a smaller version of pole Mallakhamb suspended with the aid of hooks and chains.
3. Rope Mallakhamb
In this version, the exercises are performed on a rope suspended from a support.
4. Revolving Bottle Mallakhamb
This is a recent innovation, and consists of 32 glass bottles placed on a wooden platform, with the Mallakhamb balanced on top.
The other forms of this sport include the Baseless Mallakhamb and Fixed Bottle Mallakhamb. Recently, a few more variations have been introduced, viz. Inclined and Suspended Mallakhamb.
THE MALLAKHAMB FEDERATION OF INDIA (M.F.I.) was established with a view to make the game more disciplined, standardized and to make the activity more coherent in 1980. M.F.I. has standardized basic 3 types of this sport to be played in the competition.
According the rules of M.F.I., hierarchy of the competitions is as follows
1) PUNE DISTRICT MALLAKHAMB ASSOCIATION - The DISTRICT level competitions
2) MAHARASHTRA AMATEUR MALLAKHAMB ASSOCIATION- The STATE level competitions
3) MALLAKHAMB FEDERATION OF INDIA - The NATIONAL level competitions
These are the main competitions.
The other competitions are as follows.
4) ZILLA PARISHAD CHAMPIONSHIPS
5) ALL INDIA INTER UNIVERSITY CHAMPIONSHIPS
6) THE MUMBAI MAYOR INVITATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIPS
At present, 29 states in India participate in Mallakhamb competitions and it has been almost 25 years , the National level Mallakhamb competitions are organized.
Mallakhamb today is also being practiced outside India. It feels really proud that a sport of Indian origin is being appreciated and practiced by people outside our country as well.
In case if one wants to learn Mallakhamb and be associated with the sport, here are a couple of options for you.
1. Shree Samartha Vyayam Mandir.
Keluskar Marg, (S). Shivaji Park,
Dadar, Mumbai-400 028 (India).
Tel : + 91 - 022 - 24457870.
+ 91 - 022 - 24411831.
Website: Shree Samartha Vyayam Mandir - Contact Us
2. SHRINIVAS HAVALDAR
1455 Sadashiv Peth, near S.P. College,
Pune – 411030.
Email id: [email protected]
Website: Shrinivas Havaldar
With this, we can proudly say that it's a sport that has kept the Indian tradition alive in every sense.
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