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    Jul 2012


    Default The Lost World of Lake Vostok

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    It sometimes seems as if our planet has no secrets left but deep beneath the great Antarctic ice sheet scientists have made an astonishing discovery. Theyve found one of the largest lakes in the world. Its very existence defies belief. Scientists are desperate to get into the lake because its extreme environment may be home to unique flora and fauna, never seen before, and NASA are excited by what it could teach us about extraterrestrial life. But 4 kilometers of ice stand between the lake and the surface, and breaking this seal without contaminating the most pristine body of water on the planet is possibly one of the greatest challenges science faces in the 21st century.In 1957 the Russians established a remote base in Antarctica the Vostok station. It soon became a byword for hardship dependent on an epic annual 1000km tractor journey from the coast for its supplies. The coldest temperature ever found on Earth (-89C) was recorded here on the 21st July 1983. Its an unlikely setting for a lake of liquid water. But in the 1970s a British team used airborne radar to see beneath the ice, mapping the mountainous land buried by the Antarctic ice sheet. Flying near the Vostok base their radar trace suddenly went flat. They guessed that the flat trace could only be from water. It was the first evidence that the ice could be hiding a great secret.But 20 years passed before their suspicions were confirmed, when satellites finally revealed that there was an enormous lake under the Vostok base. It is one of the largest lakes in the world at 10,000 square km its about the extent of Lake Ontario, but about twice as deep (500m in places). The theory was that it could only exist because the ice acts like a giant insulating blanket, trapping enough of the earths heat to melt the very bottom of the ice sheet.
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